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Amendments

June 2020

CAPTION: June 2020
   
Updated Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Knowsley Helping Children Thrive This document has been added to the manual and replaces the previous chapter Knowsley Threshold of Need Guidance (2018).
Knowsley Engaging Families Toolkit This toolkit has been updated.
Multi-Agency Child Protection Standards This chapter has been updated.
Step Up / Step Down Procedure This chapter has been updated.
Children who Display Inappropriate and Harmful Sexual Behaviour: Procedural Guidance This guidance has been updated.
Knowsley Safeguarding Children Partnership Multi-Agency Neglect Strategy (2019 - 2021) This strategy has been updated.
Domestic Abuse and Reduction Strategy This chapter has been updated.
Children Affected by Gang Activity and Youth Violence This chapter has been updated.
Concealed Pregnancies Procedures This chapter has been updated.
Pan Merseyside Multi-Agency Child Exploitation Protocol This protocol has been updated.
Multi Agency Escalation Policy This policy has been fully reviewed and revised in to establish the key principles and processes behind this important policy. It recognises that there will be differences of opinion between professionals, but these should be resolved promptly and with regard to the perceived risk to the child. It is anticipated that most differences of opinion can be dealt with on a practitioner-to-practitioner basis.
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Title Details
Child Safeguarding practice reviews - Notifiable incidents process guidance This chapter has been added to the manual.
Removed Chapters
  • Serious Case Review Process Practice Guidance.
CAPTION: next update table
   
Next Update: December 2020

November 2019

CAPTION: November 2019
   
Updated Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH) This chapter has been amended by updating Appendix 1: Children's Safeguarding Services – Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub Operational Procedures.

June 2019

CAPTION: June 2019
   
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Key Principles This chapter has been updated to reflect Working Together and Keeping Children Safe in Education (see Section 2.1, An Integrated Approach and Section 2.6, Supervision and Staff development).
Information Sharing This chapter has been amended to add a link to 'GOV.UK - Child sex offender disclosure scheme guidance' which contains Guidance and tools to help practitioners implement the child sex offender disclosure scheme (see Section 5, National Guidance on Information Sharing).
Early Help Assessment Framework in Knowsley This chapter has been updated to reflect Working Together to Safeguard Children including Contextual Safeguarding. See Section 3, Early Help Assessment Framework in Knowsley and Section 5, Consent.
Cross-Border Child Protection Cases Under the 1996 Hague Convention This chapter has been amended to provide a link regarding criminal records checks for overseas applicants (see Section 2.3, Request from another state for foster care or home transfer).
Allegations against Staff, Carers and Volunteers

This chapter has been amended to highlight that any settlement or agreement for a person to resign must not prevent a referral to the DBS to consider whether to add the individual to the barred list. It is an offence to fail to make a referral without good reason (see Resignations and Settlement Agreements). Note also teachers should be reported to the teachers Regulating Agency, (see Referral to DBS or Regulatory Body).

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Multi-Agency Protocol This chapter has been amended to add a link to National FGM Centre, FGM Assessment Tool for Social Workers (see Relevant Guidance). The Tool has two elements: Best Practice Guidance and an Online FGM Assessment Tool to help guide the assessment of cases where FGM is a concern. The Tool provides recommendations and does not replace professional judgments.
Child Sexual Abuse in the Family Environment A definition has been added for Child Sexual Abuse within the family environment (also known as Intra-familial Child Sexual Abuse) - see Section 1, Definition. In Section 2, Risk and Indicators, a model is suggested by the Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse outlining some of the likely impacts of Child Sexual Abuse was included, together with additional links in Further Information.
Serious Case Review Process Practice Guidance This chapter has been updated to reflect the introduction of the General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR) and the updated Data Protection Act 2018.

December 2018

CAPTION: table_title
   
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Information Sharing This new chapter replaces the previous, similarly titled chapter and reflects the EU GDPR and Data Protection Act 2018. Please reference.
Good Practice Supporting the Voice of the Child This chapter seeks to emphasise the statutory and practical requirement of listening to and getting the views and opinions of children and young people - not only on a case by case basis and to fulfil a legislative requirement, but as a pre-requisite of providing effective safeguarding systems. This is clearly promoted in Working Together to Safeguard Children.
Child Protection Conferences This chapter provides an overview of Conferences and identifies the various types of conferences that are convened; membership of Conferences; electronic and digital recording of conferences; involvement of and exclusion of conferences and reports from agencies. The chapter reflects the Data protection Act 2018 and should be read in conjunction with Multi-Agency Child Protection Standards and Multi-Agency Child Protection Standards. Please reference.
Children of Parents with Learning Disabilities This chapter replaces a previous and similar chapter and reflects current good approaches and practice. It identifies key issues, and indicators of concern whilst recognising that assessments of risk need to be undertaken by specialist / experienced staff who have knowledge and skills of working with parents who have learning disability and who can work in a way that enables effective communication and time to undertake assessments.

June 2018

CAPTION: June 2018
   
Updated Chapters
Chapter Name Details
The Concept of Significant Harm This chapter has been amended to add a link to Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), Guidance and resources for Child Protection Evidence, (see Relevant Guidance). In particular, look for 'NSPCC Flyers' (Core Info) on a range of topics: 'Bruises on Children'; 'Fractures in Children'; Neglect and emotional abuse in children' and 'Thermal injuries on children' etc. Please reference.
Forced Marriage This chapter has been updated to add a link to NPCC/CPS, Protocol on the handling of 'so-called' Honour Based Violence/Abuse and Forced Marriage Offences between the National Police Chiefs' Council and the Crown Prosecution Service. The protocol contains a range of links and tools for Constabularies and Prosecution Services; protection orders etc. and highlights nationally agreed process for investigating, referring and case preparation for so-called Honour-Based Violence and Forced Marriages. See Section 7, Further Information.
Honour Based Violence This chapter has been updated to add a link to NPCC/CPS, Protocol on the handling of 'so-called' Honour Based Violence/Abuse and Forced Marriage Offences between the National Police Chiefs' Council and the Crown Prosecution Service. The protocol contains a range of links and tools for Constabularies and Prosecution Services; protection orders etc. and highlights nationally agreed process for investigating, referring and case preparation for so-called Honour-Based Violence and Forced Marriages. See Section 6, Further Information.
MAPPA This chapter has been updated by adding a link to updated 'Ministry of Justice MAPPA Guidance'.
Anti-Bullying Strategy This chapter has been adjusted to enable a link to Anti–Bullying Alliance: Cyberbullying and SEN / disability to be added, as well as also accessing Knowsley's Anti-Bullying Strategy.
Domestic Violence and Abuse This chapter has been updated to add Knowsley Guidance - Working with children affected by domestic abuse. This new document provides key information for those working with children and families where there is domestic abuse and violence, including: Signs and symptoms; the effect of domestic abuse and coercive control on children; dealing with disclosure and Support and interventions.
Dangerous Dogs and Safeguarding Children This chapter has been reviewed and updated throughout and confirms the importance of professionals making routine enquiries regarding dogs in the household whenever they are working with children and families.
Pan Merseyside - Local Safeguarding Children Partnerships: Missing Children Procedure This Pan Merseyside chapter replaces a local chapter on children missing and covers a range of key circumstances, including children missing from home and also from care - including those who have been placed from outside Pan Mersey Authorities; Care leavers; Foreign Nationals and Unaccompanied Asylum Seekers, etc.
Pan Merseyside Protocol: Bruising in Children who are Not Independently Mobile - A Protocol for Assessment, Management and Referral by Health Practitioners This document has been reviewed and updated and identifies the importance of diagnosing / considering 'Mongolian Blue Spot' when undertaking an examination of a child. Also to note that there must be a credible explanation as to why a non-mobile child has bruising in order to discount the issue of none accidental injury; 'lying on a surface or object is not sufficient to cause trauma….'
Local Contacts This has been updated. Please reference as required.
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Child Protection – Information Sharing Project

When a child is known to social services and is a Looked After Child or on a Child Protection Plan, basic information about that plan is shared securely with the NHS. If that child attends an NHS unscheduled care setting, such as an emergency department or a minor injury unit:

  • The health team is alerted that they are on a plan and has access to the contact details for the Social Care team;
  • The Social Care team is automatically notified that the child has attended; and
  • Both parties can see details of the child's previous 25 visits to unscheduled care settings in England.
Children from Abroad, including Victims of Modern Slavery, Trafficking and Exploitation

This procedure is concerned with children arriving into the UK:

  • Alone;
  • In the care of adults who, whilst they may be their carers, have no Parental Responsibility for them;
  • In the care of adults who have no documents to demonstrate a relationship with the child;
  • In the care of agents.

This is a broad cohort of children, and it may include (but is not limited to) children who have been subject to trafficking and/or modern slavery, and/or may have been exposed to the additional risks of commercial, sexual or domestic exploitation. It may also include children who have been trafficked internally within the UK.

Part 1 of this chapter covers issues which will apply across this cohort.

Part 2 of this chapter covers the additional issues which will apply where children are identified as being potential victims of trafficking and/or modern slavery.
Pan Merseyside Multi-Agency Child Exploitation Protocol

This broad ranging and strategic chapter recognises key issues and themes across a range of safeguarding concerns around sexual and criminal exploitations – including radicalisation. The protocol highlights the use of the Multi-agency Child Exploitation meeting (MACE) to reduce harm to children who experience this. The chapter also establishes the aims and purpose of the protocol, together with a set of principles and describes the roles of the agencies in MACE.

A number of Appendices are provided to support the work and provides tools and referral information/guidance. Please reference.
Having a Child Through Surrogacy This chapter links to the GOV.UK site which contains information for intended parent, surrogates and health professionals. There are two documents from the Department of health and Social Care: The surrogacy pathway and Care in surrogacy. Please reference where required.
Self Harm and Suicidal Behaviour Any child or young person, who self-harms or expresses thoughts about this or about suicide, must be taken seriously and appropriate help and intervention should be offered at the earliest point. Any practitioner, who is made aware that a child or young person has self-harmed, or is contemplating this or suicide, should talk with the child or young person without delay.
Serious Case Review Process Practice Guidance This chapter identifies the statutory nature and duty of Serious Case Reviews defines; seeks to define what a Notifiable Incident is, and reflects the key stages and processes, including the commissioning of an independent report and learning process.
Multi-Agency Reflective Review Policy This chapter identifies the role of the Reflective Review and where it sits within a range of processes where there is concern about an outcome for a child. Reflective Reviews can be conducted speedily and cost effectively, harnessing the high level of willingness of professionals to learn. Cases will be identified where there is significant learning to be gained across the multi-agency network but the process sits under the Serious Case Review and Critical Incidents.

December 2017

CAPTION: December 2017
   
Updated Chapters
Chapter Name Details
Knowsley Threshold of Need Guidance (2018) This Knowsley Threshold of Need chapter has been updated with the presentation and criteria amended. Please re-reference.
North West ADCS Notification and Transfer Protocols: Children Moving Across Local Authority Boundaries Procedures

(Knowsley Children's Social Care Operational Procedures Manual)

This chapter links to the Children's Services Manual; links to:

  • North West ADCS Pre-care and Care Proceedings - Notification and Transfer across Local Authority Boundaries Procedure;
  • North West Children in Need Moving across Local Authority Boundaries Procedures: and,
  • North West Notification and Transfer of Children Subject of Child Protection Plans across Local Authority Boundaries Procedure, have all been updated.
Please re-reference.
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Multi-Agency Protocol The chapter has been updated: the previous 'DoH, FGM Risk & Safeguarding: Guidance for professionals' (2016) has been retitled and updated 'DoH, Safeguarding women and girls at risk of FGM (2017)' and now includes the guidance plus additional resources including a safeguarding pathway and risk assessment tools.
Child Sexual Exploitation - A Framework for Professionals Working with Children who Experience, or are at Risk of, Sexual Exploitation

This chapter has been updated to add a new section Further Information which provides additional material and guidance:

  • DfE, Child abuse concerns: guide for practitioners (2015);
  • Centre of Expertise on Child Sexual Abuse;
  • Barnardos - Child Sexual Exploitation – resources and research on CSE;
  • Child sexual exploitation: Practice Tool (2017);
  • Tackling Child Sexual Exploitation: Progress Report - gives an update on action the government is taking to deal with child sexual exploitation (2017);
  • Tackling Child Sexual Exploitation: A Resource Pack for Councils includes case studies; Child Sexual Abuse – The Children's Commissioner.
Please note also that the 'Merseyside Multi Agency Protocol – Child Sexual Exploitation (2016 – 2017') has been added in Relevant Guidance.
Children who Display Inappropriate and Harmful Sexual Behaviour: Procedural Guidance This chapter has been comprehensively revised throughout and 'offers detailed guidance for professionals when differentiating between normal inappropriate and harmful sexual behaviour'. The chapter reflects those children who become subject to offending behaviour and sometimes MAPPA processes. It also includes extended sections on the Panel (Sexual harmful Panel (level4)), Home Safety Plans and the School/education setting, together with updated Key Contact Agency details. The appendices include a useful checklist for understanding young people with learning difficulties who become a source of concern in this area. Please fully re-reference.
Safeguarding Children who may have been Trafficked Section 2, Definitions the statutory guidance has been updated to link to the DfE 2017 Care of unaccompanied and migrant children and child victims of modern slavery – statutory guidance for local authorities. The Modern Slavery Act 2015 is referenced in relation to age assessments.
Modern Slavery The updated statutory guidance Care of unaccompanied migrant children and child victims of modern slavery Statutory guidance for local authorities (2017) has been added (see Section 6, Further Information).
Domestic Violence and Abuse

This Chapter has been updated by adding a link to 'GOV.UK, Domestic abuse: a resource for health professionals (2017)'. This resource aims to support continuing improvement in the response from health and care services and allied healthcare partners. Note it replaces the 'DoH Handbook for health professionals (2005)' and 'Domestic Violence: A Resource Manual for Health Care Professionals (2006)' and 'Improving Safety, Reducing Harm: CYP and DV – a toolkit (2010)'.

An updated Knowsley Partnership 'Domestic Abuse Reduction Strategy (2017-2020) has also been included.
Safeguarding Children from Abroad Section 6, Establishing the Child's Identity and Age the statutory guidance has been added to link to the DfE 2017 Care of unaccompanied and migrant children and child victims of modern slavery – statutory guidance for local authorities. The Modern Slavery Act 2015 is referenced in relation to age assessments.
Children Affected by Gang Activity and Youth Violence This chapter has been updated to include a link to the National Crime Agency report County Lines Gang Violence, Exploitation and Drug Supply (2016). Further text has been added to Section 1, Definition to define the use of 'county lines' by organised criminal groups.
Dangerous Dogs and Safeguarding Children This chapter has been updated by adding a link to 'Institute of Health Visiting, Parent Tips – Keeping babies and children safe around dogs in the home'. Please reference.
Merseyside Joint Agency Protocol: Sudden Unexpected Death in Childhood (SUDiC) (for Children aged 0 to under 18 yrs) This Protocol have been further updated by adding a section for Early Years. Please re-reference as required.
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Knowsley Engaging Families Toolkit The Engaging Families Toolkit aims to provide practitioners and managers with guidance to assist support across all levels of intervention from early help and targeted services through to statutory services. The toolkit includes a Family Engagement Risk Assessment tool which will be completed by the Lead Practitioner and or collaboratively with the 'Multi Agency Meeting', and uses the 'GROW' model whilst also exploring strategies when engagement is difficult.
The Role of the Team around the Family (TAF) and Lead Practitioner The 'Team Around the Family' (TAF) is a multi-agency model of working that brings together a range of practitioners who, in Knowsley, seek to deliver a 'solution-based' approach to meeting the needs of a family. This approach depends on the role of the 'Lead Practitioner'- who may themselves come from one of a range of disciplines working with the family and are best placed, and identified, as having the co-ordinating role.
Child Sexual Abuse in the Family Environment This chapter has been added to the manual to provide a focus for the nature of sexual abuse that in fact is still the most prevalent in terms of multi-agency working. The chapter highlights a definition, risk indicators and protective action to be taken, as well as recognising the barriers that exist against disclosure and learning from serious case reviews. Please reference.

July 2017

CAPTION: July 2017
   
Updated Chapters
Chapter Name Details
Significant Harm and Sources of Stress This chapter has been amended to add a new section on Past Abuse and to note that 'Significant Harm' can include peer on peer abuse.
Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH) This chapter has been amended by updating Appendix 1: Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub Operational procedures. The amendments make this document more accessible but include a section on working with the Emergency Duty Team.
Early Help Assessment Framework in Knowsley This chapter has been updated to identify that Ofsted Inspecting Safeguarding Guidance (2016) require early years providers to have an alternative member of staff to take on the responsibility of the safeguarding lead if that person is not present, to ensure appropriate cover at all times of day (see Level 4 - Need for Protection).
Multi-Agency Child Protection Standards This chapter has been updated, in particular with respect to sharing with reports with families at least 2 days before a Child Protection Conference and that Reports should be sent to the Safeguarding and Quality Assurance Team 3 working days before an Initial Child Protection Conference (see Standard 10).
Allegations against Staff, Carers and Volunteers This chapter has been amended by updating the 'Agency Referral to the LADO'. Please ensure this version of the Referral Form is used.
Forced Marriage This chapter has been fundamentally updated throughout and has been updated with further detail in the Risks, Indicators and Issues sections, to reflect relevant points from the 'Protocol on the handling of 'so-called' Honour Based Violence/Abuse and Forced Marriage Offences between the National Police Chief's Council and the Crown Prosecution' (November 2016). In Further Information, links have been added to Multi-Agency practice guidelines: Handling cases of forced marriage 2014 and to Apply for a Forced Marriage Protection Order (GOV.UK) (see Further Information section).

Child Sexual Exploitation - A Framework for Professionals Working with Children who Experience, or are at Risk of, Sexual Exploitation

This chapter has been updated to note the DfE, Child Sexual Exploitation: Definition and Guide for Practitioners (February 2017) and provide a link to the guidance (in Related Guidance). (See also Definition of Sexual Exploitation where the Guidance definition is provided).

Children who Display Inappropriate and Harmful Sexual Behaviour: Procedural Guidance

Please note this chapter is under review by the KSCP.

Sexually Active Young People under the age of 18 in Knowsley

This protocol has been reviewed and updated by the members of the Knowsley Safeguarding Children Board Health Sub Group, the Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub and the Police Protection Unit. The term young people has been removed and all under 18 year olds are referred to as children in line with the KSCB recommendations. All sections of the policy have been reviewed and updated in line with recent local changes, for example the development of the Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH) and recent updates in practice guidance, for example Department of Health Information Sharing guidance. An assessment tool has been added for consideration when assessing the under 18's who are sexually active.
Safeguarding Children who may have been Trafficked This chapter has been amended by adding a link to GOV.UK, Modern slavery victims: referral and assessment forms (see Relevant Guidance). Please re-reference.
Children's Neglect Multi-Agency Strategy (2017-19) This chapter has been reviewed and fully amended and includes a Glossary; a Vision Statement; a Local Context; Strategic Aims and Objectives; Guidance Principles; Performance Indicators and key Messages from Research. Please reference.
Domestic Violence and Abuse This chapter has been updated to add a link Royal College of Nursing, Domestic abuse: Professional Resources (see Related Guidance). The link itself provides further links to a range and variety of tools and approaches e.g. DASH, Loveisrespect, Mens advice line, MARAC Tool kit, National Guidance, etc.
Children Missing Education and Pupil Mobility Policy This chapter has been amended throughout to reflect updated processes and requirements and information. Please re-reference.
Preventing and Tackling the Criminal Exploitation of Children This chapter has been comprehensively amended throughout and includes a Risk Reduction Tool and Guidance and a Process Flowchart. Please re-reference.
Pan Merseyside Protocol: Bruising in Children who are Not Independently Mobile - A Protocol for Assessment, Management and Referral by Health Practitioners This chapter has been reviewed and updated. Please re-reference.
Merseyside Joint Agency Protocol: Sudden Unexpected Death in Childhood (SUDiC) (for Children aged 0 to under 18 yrs) This chapter has been updated and includes additions such as 'Recording of Strategy Meetings' and 'Pathology Investigation and Findings', etc. and reflects current practice and organisational structures within the Knowsley agencies. Please re-reference.
Legal Considerations in Relation to Immediate Protective Action This chapter has been updated to add a new Section 10.1, Prevention Orders, which link to a range of prevention and risk orders/injunctions.
Local Contacts Please note that this has been updated.
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Responding to Child Neglect in Knowsley - Practitioner Guidance This chapter details information and guidance with regard to neglect and highlights the complexity and difficulty of practice in this area, whilst identifying the evidence of the significant and lasting impact upon children as young people and adults. The chapter acknowledges the importance of appropriate sharing of information and discussion with partner agencies to avoid 'neglect' becoming an accepted 'normality' for identified children and to use 'professional curiosity' as a tool when considering a child's day-to-day life experience.
Honour Based Violence This chapter seeks to define Honour Based Violence and explores the risks and impact upon those who become targets of it. The chapter highlights what actions can be taken and provides additional information on the issue (see Further Information). Please reference.
Modern Slavery Victims of modern slavery should be given protection, get the help they need to recover from their experiences and access to the justice they deserve. This chapter sets out guidance on how to identify and respond to a child or young person where there are concerns that they are a victim or a potential victim of modern slavery. It should be read in conjunction with the Trafficked Children Procedure and the Referrals Procedure.
Joint Homeless Prevention Protocol for Children aged 16 and 17 This chapter links to the Children's Services and seeks to promote the consistent and joint working response between the Children's Social Care, Youth Offending and Strategic Housing Services to young people who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless. The chapter provides 'Accommodation' and 'Decision-making' pathways together with a number of Appendices which provide additional contact, resource and legal information as well as a Process Flowchart and Escalation Process. Please reference.
Dangerous Dogs and Safeguarding Children

The benefits of owning pets are well established. Having a pet can have physical and emotional benefits for a child as well as teaching them about responsibility and caring for living creatures. However, a number of children of different ages have been seriously injured or have died from attacks by dogs in recent years.

Therefore the aim of this chapter is to assist practitioners to assess risk and take action to protect children from serious injuries which can be inflicted by dogs that are prohibited, dangerous or badly looked after by their owners. The chapter also has some useful links to additional information (see Further Information section).
Pre-birth

Young babies are particularly vulnerable to abuse, and early assessment, intervention and support work carried out during the antenatal period can help minimise any potential risk of harm. This procedure sets out how to respond to concerns for unborn babies, with an emphasis on clear and regular communication between professionals working with the woman, the father / partner and the family.

(Mid-wifery staff should read this chapter in conjunction with any Health Trust guidance regarding this area).
Multi-Agency Safe Sleeping Guidance - Merseyside Child Death Overview Panel (March 2017)

It is part of the Child Death Overview Panel's role to review information on all child deaths and make appropriate recommendations where appropriate. This chapter is provided to assist all professionals in giving consistent advice and messages to parents with regard to sleeping arrangements for young children.

The chapter provides information around risk factors and guidance to specific professionals (midwives and health visitors).

December 2016

CAPTION: December 2016
   
Updated Chapters
Chapter Name Details
Supervision and Staff Development This chapter has been updated to link to North West ADCS, Protocol for Standards in Supervision of Children and Families Social Workers - see Relevant Documents. The 'Standards' contain Reflective Supervision Journal Template and Supervision Contract templates.
Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH)

This chapter has been amended by adding an Appendix to the 'Children's Safeguarding Services – Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub Operational Procedures'. This substantial guide provides comprehensive information on:

  • The roles of staff;
  • The interface with Early Help and Children's Social Care;
  • The processes within MASH, including prioritising work and actions;
  • Initiating section 47 Enquiries; Dispute Resolution procedures; and
  • A range of appendices highlighting key 'pathways' etc.
Knowsley MASH (Multi-Agency Referral Form) This referral form is now a link which ensures that the referrer will always be able to access the most current version of this form.
Cross-Border Child Protection Cases Under the 1996 Hague Convention This chapter has been amended to update the ICACU Relevant Information notes, which now contain a link to the 'DfE Request for co-operation form and guidance'. Please reference as required.
Step Up / Step Down Procedure This chapter has been amended to provide more comprehensive information in respect of Cases stepping down from Children's Social Care Child in Need support to Early Help Services at Levels 2 and 3 including contact details for families that would still benefit from further support.
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Multi-Agency Protocol This Merseyside Guidance, as found in the Knowsley SCP has been amended by adding links to new 'Home Office/DoH/DfE, Multi-agency statutory guidance on female genital mutilation (April 2016)' and 'GOV.UK, Female Genital mutilation: help and advice (2016)'. Please also note that 'DoH, FGM Risk & Safeguarding: Guidance for professionals' now also links to an updated 2016 version.
Child Sexual Exploitation - A Framework for Professionals Working with Children who Experience, or are at Risk of, Sexual Exploitation This chapter has been updated to add a link to 'NCB, Practice guidance: supporting young people with HIV testing and prevention' for reference as required - see Relevant Guidance.
Safeguarding Children and Young People Against Radicalisation and Violent Extremism Section 5, Issues has been updated to include a link to the GOV.UK website to report online material promoting terrorism or extremism. In addition, an explanatory note [1] has been added into the Scope Box regarding schools and child-care providers.
Domestic Violence and Abuse This chapter has been updated to include the 'Violence Against Women and Girls Strategy 2016 to 2020 (Home Office, 2016)' and the 'Information Guide: Adolescent to Parent Violence and Abuse (APVA)' and text has been added in Section 2, Definition.
Child Abuse and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) This chapter has been updated by adding a link to 'Child Safety Online: A practical guide for parents and carers whose children are using social media'.
Children Who Run Away or Go Missing From Home or Care Strategy This chapter has been updated to add a link to 'HMIC, Missing children: who cares? (2016)' - see Relevant Guidance.
Children Visiting Psychiatric Wards and Facilities This chapter has been updated throughout to ensure there was a greater emphasis and focus on meeting the child's needs in this context and to promote planning and preparation for such visits.
Children Affected by Gang Activity and Youth Violence This chapter has been updated to add in Further Information links to 'Injunctions to Prevent Gang-Related Violence and Drug Dealing (Home Office) May 2016' and 'Injunctions to Prevent Gang-Related Violence and Gang-Related Drug Dealing - A Practitioners' Guide Revised Guidance May 2016'.The chapter has also been amended throughout to reflect that boys in the gang can also be subject to sexual assault and abuse.
Serious Incident Review Group Procedures This chapter has been updated by adding a link to SCIE/NSPCC, Serious Case Review Quality Markers, (2016). Please reference as required.
Local Contacts This chapter has been updated. Please reference as required.
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Knowsley Threshold of Need Guidance (2018) This chapter replaces the previous 'Continuum of Need' and comprehensively covers a range of relevant issues including the 'Threshold of Needs', 'Information Sharing', 'Children with a Disability' and guidance on making a referral or seeking advice/help.
Multi Agency Practice Guidance for Core Groups This new chapter details the role and functions of a core group together with key Core Group processes. It also seeks to establish the working boundaries of a core group and its membership.
Guidance in Respect of the Use of Written Agreements Within the Child Protection / Child in Need Processes

Working agreements are commonly used by social workers and other professionals when working with families, to promote safeguarding for children. It is highlighted that whilst these are useful tools, they are more effective in some scenarios than others and the chapter highlights key principles for drawing them up.

Written Agreements should be monitored and reviewed.
North West ADCS Notification and Transfer Protocols: Children Moving Across Local Authority Boundaries Procedures
(Knowsley Children's Social Care Operational Procedures Manual)

This chapter provides links to recommended ADCS regional procedures for transferring children and families across local authority boundaries.

It is anticipated that when local authorities in the region follow these procedures, then the outcomes for children will be improved as they will be better safeguarded and able to access the services to meet their needs as required.
Protocol for Joint Working between Children's Social Care, YOS, National Probation Service and Merseyside Community Rehabilitation Company – Care Leavers Released from Custody This protocol describes the roles, responsibilities and relationships between relevant agencies working with young people who have been Looked After by the Local Authority and who are released from custody. Its purpose is to promote planning and clarity for these young people at a time of vulnerability for them and to help reduce their risk of a return to a custodial setting.
Concealed Pregnancies A concealed pregnancy is when an expectant mother knows she is pregnant but does not inform a professional, (even though she might have confided in another person but continues to conceal it from a health professional), or when she does not reveal she is not accessing ante-natal care. The chapter highlights a range of potential concerns and issues about concealed pregnancies and identifies some responses and actions.
Pan Merseyside Protocol: Bruising in Children who are Not Independently Mobile - A Protocol for Assessment, Management and Referral by Health Practitioners The aim of this protocol is to provide frontline health professionals with a knowledge base and action strategy for the assessment, management and referral of children who are Not Independently Mobile (NIM) who present with bruising or otherwise suspicious marks. Recent Serious Case Reviews have acknowledged that bruising on these children is a highly predictive indicator of child abuse which has not always been recognised by clinicians.
Keywords

Please note new keywords for:

  • Child Trafficking Advocate;
  • Slavery and Trafficking Prevention Order;
  • Slavery and Trafficking Risk Order.

May 2016

CAPTION: May 2016
   
Updated Chapters
Chapter Name Details
Key Principles This chapter has been updated with regard to 'Record Keeping': under Section 21 of the Inquiries Act 2005, all agencies should ensure that their records are saved until The Independent Inquiry into Child Sexual Abuse has been completed, irrespective of their own 'destruction of records' policy.
Continuum of Need and Threshold for Response This chapter has been updated by adding a note: trafficked or a victim of compulsory labour, servitude and slavery as indicators of risk across all levels (see Appendix 1: Comprehensive Indicators of Risk Across all Levels).
Early Help Assessment Framework in Knowsley This chapter has been updated and represents a comprehensive update to emphasise the importance of early help. The chapter identifies the four tier approach to ensuring children and families in Knowsley get the appropriate level of support and that this is co-ordinated by the professional closest to the family. The chapter seeks to identify the criteria by which the tiers of support are differentiated.
Multi-Agency Child Protection Standards This chapter has been revised and contains an updated Escalation procedure and associated Flowchart. Please fully re-read this section.
Children Moving Across Boundaries This chapter has been updated to highlight issues which may raise additional concerns to a family moving across a local authority border (see Section 1, Movement of Children and Families) and a new section on Moving Abroad has been added (see Section 4, Children Subject to a Child Protection Plan).
Allegations against Staff, Carers and Volunteers This chapter has been fully reviewed and revised. Guidance emphasises the need for agencies and employers who are involved in any capacity with children to have clear procedures, together with staff to who will be responsible for recognising and reporting issues of concern. The chapter seeks to provide information on thresholds, procedures and working protocols between agencies and provides a Flowchart to describe key features of the processes.
Children who Display Inappropriate and Harmful Sexual Behaviour: Procedural Guidance This chapter has been reviewed and amended to reflect the role of Risk Management Panel (see Risk Management Process) and to raise the age threshold to 12 yrs in terms of considering an appropriate and balanced response.
Safeguarding Children who may have been Trafficked This chapter has been amended by adding a link to the Home Office Circular, Modern Slavery Act 2015 (July 2015). Please reference as required.
Safeguarding Children and Young People Against Radicalisation and Violent Extremism This chapter has been substantially amended and updated. The chapter benefits from including links to relevant additional reading (including the UKGOV, Educate against hate) and the Prevent Referral and Assessment form.
Domestic Violence and Abuse The chapter has been amended to include the impact of the Serious Crime Act (2015) which created a new offence of controlling or coercive behaviour in intimate or familial relationships.
Children Visiting Psychiatric Wards and Facilities This chapter has been comprehensively updated and amended in line with chapter 11 of the Mental Health Act Code of Practice January 2015 and The High Security Psychiatric Services (Arrangements for Visits by Children) Directions, 2013. Please fully re-read.
Serious Incident Review Group Procedures This chapter has been updated to fully revise the section on the Serious Incident Review Group (SIRG) and to a new Referral Form for the SIRG.
Knowsley Safeguarding Children Board Learning and Improvement Framework This chapter has been updated by adding a section in the Methods of Learning: there are occasions when an incident or event does not meet the threshold for a Serious Case Review and yet there are lessons to be learned with regard to safeguarding children (see page 6).
Multi Agency Escalation Policy This chapter has been fully reviewed and revised to establish the key principles and processes behind this important policy. It recognises that there will be differences of opinion between professionals, but these should be resolved promptly and with regard to the perceived risk to the child. It is anticipated that most differences of opinion can be dealt with on a practitioner-to-practitioner basis.
Local Contacts This chapter has been updated. Please reference as required.
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) Multi-Agency Protocol This Merseyside Protocol has replaced the previous local chapter relating to this and is a comprehensive and up-date chapter dealing with this matter. It includes updated material and guidance as further reading and acknowledges the individual roles and responsibilities that each agency has to play.
Child Sexual Exploitation - A Framework for Professionals Working with Children who Experience, or are at Risk of, Sexual Exploitation

This Knowsley Council and KSCP guidance provides information about sexual exploitation, the roles and responsibilities of relevant agencies and the procedures practitioners should follow to ensure the safety and well-being of children and young people who it is suspected have been sexually exploited.

The chapter emphasises the importance multi-agency working and provides relevant additional reading and tools to assist decision-making.

The chapter fully replaces the previous chapter on this and should be fully re-read.
Children Affected by Gang Activity and Youth Violence This new chapter seeks to define 'what is a gang' and what its characteristics are, together with some of the indicators that can signal a young person is involved with a gang. The chapter also provides information on 'gang injunctions' - an impact of the Serious Crime Act (2015). The chapter also links to useful, relevant additional material.
Children's Homes Protocol - Knowsley

This new chapter relates to all children's homes operating in Knowsley where there is a concern with the home, such that requires improvement with regard to its standards in safeguarding, caring and working with children.

The Protocol reflects the Director's role and responsibility for children in the Borough of Knowsley and identifies three levels of concerns.

The Protocol identifies key stages and processes for improvement and a matrix that highlights the thresholds/scenarios that reflect the levels of concern. Work on improvement is overseen by the Strategic Care Homes Governance group.

Any Children's Home in such circumstances is expected to fully engage in the development and work around an action plan.

February 2016 - minor amendment to November 2015 publication

CAPTION: February 2016 - minor amendment to November 2015 publication
   
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Notifiable Incidents Process This chapter reflects the Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018 Notifiable Incidents criteria and process, i.e. where there has been the death of a child or serious incident. All those with a responsibility for children should be aware of this chapter.

November 2015

CAPTION: November 2015
   
Updated Chapters
Chapter Name Details
Knowsley MASH (Multi-Agency Referral Form) This Multi Agency Referral Form (MARF) has been updated and amended to support efficient evaluation of information by the MASH team.
Knowsley Graded Care Profile This chapter has been amended to include a leaflet for a Parent or Carer.
Children Who Run Away or Go Missing From Home or Care Strategy This is the January 2015 (updated September 2015) version of the Missing from Home or Care Strategy. The chapter contains a number of Tools to identify the levels of risk and progress meetings in respect of children who are missing. The chapter highlights the 'push' and 'pull' factors for children, the balance that needs to be judged in respect of children who may 'test boundaries' and those who might be subject to significant risk through sexual and criminal exploitation, drug and alcohol abuse. Please fully read this chapter.
Knowsley Safeguarding Children Board Learning and Improvement Framework This chapter has been amended and identifies that individual agencies will undertake their own audits of practice to enable and promote learning.
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Step Up / Step Down Procedure

This document describes the process for the 'step-up' of families from Early Help, Level 3 family support services (Family First 0-18 Service) to Children's Social Care.

The 'step-down' of families from Child in Need support to Early Help Level 3 family support services (Family First 0-18 Service) and partners providing Level 2 family support (such as Schools and Health) from Children's Social Care.

This protocol does not imply step down from Child Protection interventions to Early Help Services. Please fully read this key chapter.
Preventing and Tackling the Criminal Exploitation of Children

This chapter, (developed on a multi-agency basis), recognises the concern that exists with regard to children and young people who are used, through whatever means, to engage in criminal activity by other young people or adults who are able to coerce them to do so. The young people involved may not identify themselves as being 'exploited' as such, but it is clearly to their detriment that they do so.

The chapter seeks to provide a definition of the concept and a range of tools by which to assess the risk, together with a clear framework for agencies to work in. Please fully read.

June 2015

CAPTION: June 2015
   
Updated Chapters
Chapter Name Details
Sharing Information This chapter has been updated to add links to 'DfE, Information Sharing - Advice for Practitioners Providing Safeguarding Services to Children, Young People, Parents and Carers (2015)' and 'What to do if you're worried a child is being abused (2015)' (See paragraph 2.3.5).
Cross-Border Child Protection Cases Under the 1996 Hague Convention This chapter has been updated to add links to the 'DfE, Working with foreign authorities: child protection cases and care orders – departmental advice for local authorities, social workers, service managers and children's services lawyers' and 'The International Child Abduction Unit'.
Fabricated or Induced Illness This chapter has been updated to provide up-date contact details for the National Crime Agency (See Section 9, Covert Video Surveillance).
Female Genital Mutilation This chapter has been updated in to provide links to the 'Information Standards Board for Health and Social Care Female Genital Mutilation Prevalence Dataset Specification (see Section 2, NHS Actions) and 'Female Genital Mutilation: resource pack'.
Forced Marriage This chapter has been updated in accordance with the Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 which introduced criminal offences of forcing someone to marry, and breaching a Forced Marriage Protection Order.
Safeguarding Children and Young People from Sexual Exploitation

This chapter has been updated by updating the 'Pan Cheshire/Merseyside Child Exploitation Multi Agency Strategy to 2014 – 17'. Additionally, information has been added in 'Preventing Sexual Exploitation' with regard to 'The Serious Crime Act  (2015)' (which makes it an offence of sexual communication with a child) and the Child Sex Offender Review (CSOR) Disclosure Scheme (designed to provide members of the public with a formal mechanism to ask for disclosure about people they are concerned about, who have unsupervised access to children and may therefore pose a risk).

A new section has been added on 'Sexual Harm Prevention Orders' and 'Sexual Risk Orders' which have been introduced under the 'Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014' and replace Orders previously under the 'Sexual Offences Act 2003'.
Safeguarding Children who may have been Trafficked This chapter has been significantly amended in line with 'Care of Unaccompanied and Trafficked Children: Statutory Guidance for Local Authorities on the Care of Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking and Trafficked Children (2014)'.
Abuse Linked to Spiritual and Religious Beliefs This chapter has been updated by adding a link to the 'Multi-faith Safeguarding Hub' which provides information and some detail on six 'mainstream faiths' including how those faiths are seen to protect and safeguard children within their respective communities.
Domestic Violence and Abuse

A section on Domestic Violence Protection Orders (DVPO) and the Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme (DVDS) has been added (see Section 4.1, Domestic Violence Protection Orders and Section 4.2, Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme ('Clare's Law')). With DVPOs, a perpetrator can be banned with immediate effect from returning to a residence and from having contact with the victim for up to 28 days.

The Domestic Violence Disclosure Scheme (also known as 'Clare's Law') gives members of the public a formal mechanism to make enquires about an individual who they are in a relationship with, or who is in a relationship with someone they know, where there is a concern that the individual may be violent towards their partner.
Operation Encompass This is a joint agency approach, now a Mersey-side policy, to support children and young people who are experiencing Domestic violence and abuse. Please fully re-read.
Children of Drug and/or Alcohol Misusing Parents This chapter has been amended to identify updated details of the provider of services drug and alcohol recovery services (See paragraph 4).
Knowsley and Merseyside Protocol for Children Missing from Home and Care This chapter has been updated to add the Knowsley SCB, Children who run away or go missing from home or care strategy.
Safeguarding Children from Abroad This chapter has been updated to add links to the DfE, Working with foreign authorities: child protection cases and care orders – departmental advice for local authorities, social workers, service managers and children's services lawyers and The International Child Abduction Unit.
Merseyside Joint Agency Protocol: Sudden Unexpected Death in Childhood (SUDiC)(for Children aged 0 to under 18 yrs) This is an updated chapter and detailed chapter covering all children from birth to 18 yrs. The chapter contains a number of exemplars for meetings and reports, etc.
Serious Incident Review Group Procedures This chapter has been updated by adding an updated section on the Serious Incident Review Group (see Section 7, Serious Incident Review Group) which details the membership of the group, its aims and objectives etc. A link is also made to the Learning and Improvement Framework chapter.
Multi Agency Escalation Policy This chapter has been updated and contains an 'Escalation Template Form' (see Appendix 3: Escalation Notice Template).
Child Protection Conference Agenda The chapter now differentiates between Initial and Review Conferences and includes a Core Group Form.
Local Contacts These contacts have been updated. Please reference as required.
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Continuum of Need and Threshold for Response This is a key chapter which seeks to identify the levels and criteria of need and support/services chapter. Emphasis is given to Early help and support for all children and young people, but recognizes that additional information or changes or children may require re-evaluation of the level and nature of (specialist) support. As well as elucidating this as a concept, the chapter tries to explore in a pragmatic way how that works and operations for those professional working with children in a variety of settings.
Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH) This chapter describes the functions of the MASH and the roles of the multi Agency staff working within it. All staff working with or having a responsibility for children should fully familiarise themselves with this chapter.
Knowsley MASH (Multi-Agency Referral Form) This chapter provides access to the referral form to the Knowsley Children's Services.
Knowsley Effective Early Help System This chapter fully deals with how professionals work with and engage children and families to deliver high quality, effective, early help assessments and interventions that meet the needs of children and young people and keep them safe. It contains links to Knowsley's: 'Effective Early Help Assessments Practitioners Handbook', 'Effective Early Help Assessments Practitioners' Supplementary Guidance', 'Knowsley Early Help Assessment Form for Children, Young People and Families'. Please fully read the Handbook and Supplementary Guidance.
Multi-Agency Child Protection Standards

This chapter has replaced a number of previously existing chapters around child protection assessments and conferences. It seeks to establish, through 14 standards, clear practice expectations and requirements for all practitioners working in this area. The chapter also includes a dispute resolution process to enable concerns and differences between professionals to be dealt with outside of the 'escalation procedure' and includes a proforma.

All professionals should be familiar with this key chapter.
Children and Young People who Display Sexually Inappropriate and Harmful Behaviour Policy and Procedure Proposal

This is a comprehensive chapter which deals with inappropriate and harmful sexual behaviour, drawing upon research and practice. Research has identified this behaviour has received poor attention and priority on a multi-agency basis and there has been a low reaction when there has been resistance by the young person and/or family. This is an area where all agencies working with children need to ensure there is a carefully and balanced response with regard to 'experimentation', 'inappropriate' and 'harmful' behaviours – and also acknowledges that this itself is sometimes difficult to judge.

The chapter references some useful assessment tools to use and assist in decision-making. Please fully read.
Knowsley Graded Care Profile This chapter identifies and details a practical tool which seeks to provide an objective measure of the care of children across all areas of need when there are concerns of Neglect. It provides a descriptive scale which defines the care showing both strengths and weaknesses and can to improve understanding about the level of concern and to target areas for work as it highlights areas of greater risk. Please fully read.
Knowlsey Neglect Strategy and Action Plan (2015-17) This new chapter provides considerable detail for Agencies working in Knowsley with respect to ensuring the impact of neglect on children is recognised by all professionals who should undertake appropriate training to ensure a sustained multi-agency response and approach. The chapter also provides the 'Delivery Plan' for the strategy.
Knowsley Resilience and Vulnerability Tool This is a tool that can be used in a variety of settings which seeks to provide a systematic approach to analysis and decision-making based on evidence, but should not replace professional judgement. Please fully explore.
Anti-Bullying Strategy This chapter identifies a comprehensive approach to bullying and its prevention and identifies and links to other related strategies and legislation. Please ensure that you have familiarity with it.
Children Missing Education and Pupil Mobility Policy This chapter has been fully updated and added to. Please refer to as required.
Merseyside Child Death Overview Panel Protocol This chapter has replaced the Knowsley CDOP chapter to ensure there is a clear and common process for the Merseyside area.
Knowsley Safeguarding Children Board Learning and Improvement Framework This chapter details the way agencies will learn individually and jointly to improve practice which is highlighted in the 'Methods of Learning' chart. The chapter seeks to establish principles and desired outcomes from learning from serious incidents and through undertaking case reviews.
Removed Chapters
  • Immediate Protection;
  • Strategy Discussions/Meetings;
  • Section 47 Enquiries;
  • Investigative Interview of a Child;
  • Medical Examination of a Child;
  • The Outcome of Section 47 Enquiries;
  • The Initial Child Protection Conference;
  • Involving the Child and Family Members;
  • Chairing the Child Protection Conference;
  • Actions and Decisions for the Child Protection Conference;
  • The Outline Child Protection Plan;
  • The Role of the Lead Social Worker and their Supervisor;
  • The Core Group;
  • The Child Protection Plan;
  • The Child Protection Review Conference;
  • Child Death Overview Panel - Operational Procedures;
  • Sudden Unexpected Death in Childhood (for Children aged 2 to 18).

June 2014

CAPTION: June 2014
   
Updated Chapters
Chapter Name Details
Safeguarding Children and Young People from Sexual Exploitation (CSE) This chapter has been updated with the inclusion of the KSCP's Briefing on Tackling Child Sexual Exploitation; Pan Cheshire/Merseyside Child Sexual Exploitation Multi-Agency Strategy 2012/2013 and DfE, Sex and Relationship Education Guidance (Head teachers, Teachers & School Governors (July 2000)).
Sexually Active Young People under the age of 18 in Knowsley This chapter has been updated by adding a link to DfE, Sex and Relationship Education Guidance (Head teachers, Teachers & School Governors (July 2000)).
Multi Agency Escalation Policy This describes the process and arrangements where professionals who do not agree or are not working well together to progress a child's Plan, can resolve difficulties and the significant concerns they have as a result.
Bullying A link to the updated 'Preventing Bullying: Advice for head teachers, staff and governing bodies', DfE (March 2014) has been added.
Female Genital Mutilation This chapter has been updated to reflect the actions required by NHS Hospitals effective from April and September 2014 and update the link to 'Female Genital Mutilation Multi-Agency Guidelines'.
Mental ill Health of a Parent or Carer A link has been added to 'Mental Ill health Crisis Care Concordat: Improving outcomes for people experiencing mental health crisis' (HM Government).
Domestic Violence and Abuse A link has been added to NICE, Domestic Violence: how health services, social care and the organisations they work with can respond effectively, (Feb 2014).
Merseyside Protocol for Children Missing from Home and Care This chapter has been updated with the 'Statutory Guidance on Children who Run away and Go Missing from Home or Care' (2014).
Child Death Overview Panel - Operational Procedures This chapter has been updated with regard to the Duties and Powers of Coroners, which has been updated in line with the Coroners and Justice Act 2009, Coroners (Inquests) Rules 2013 and Coroners (Investigations) Regulations 2013.
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Operation Encompass Operation Encompass is a project involving all Knowsley schools, Knowsley MBC and the Merseyside Police to more effectively support children in families where there is domestic violence and abuse. The chapter contains relevant links to this project.
Knowsley MASH (Multi-Agency Safeguarding Hub) This chapter provides a briefing note on the Knowsley MASH, established to improve communication between a wide group of agencies and professionals and promote a joined – up approach to assessing risk to vulnerable children and adults.