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July 2017

Updated Chapters
Chapter Name Details
Significant Harm and Sources of Stress This chapter was amended to add a new section on Past Abuse and to note that ‘Significant Harm’ can include peer on peer abuse.
Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH) This chapter was amended by updating Appendix 1: Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub Operational procedures. The amendments make this document more accessible but include a section on working with the Emergency Duty Team.
Early Help Assessment Framework in Knowsley This chapter was updated to identify that Ofsted Inspecting Safeguarding Guidance (2016) require early years providers to have an alternative member of staff to take on the responsibility of the safeguarding lead if that person is not present, to ensure appropriate cover at all times of day. (See Level 4 - Need for Protection.)
Multi-Agency Child Protection Standards

This chapter has been updated, in particular with respect to sharing with reports with families at least 2 days before a Child Protection Conference and that Reports should be sent to the Safeguarding and Quality Assurance Team 3 working days before an Initial Child Protection Conference, (see Standard 10).

Allegations against Staff, Carers and Volunteers This chapter was amended by updating the ‘Agency Referral to the LADO’. Please ensure this version of the Referral Form is used.
Forced Marriage This chapter has been fundamentally updated throughout and has been updated with further detail in the Risks, Indicators and Issues sections, to reflect relevant points from the ‘Protocol on the handling of ‘so-called’ Honour Based Violence/Abuse and Forced Marriage Offences between the National Police Chief’s Council and the Crown Prosecution’ (November 2016). In Further Information, links were added to Multi-Agency practice guidelines: Handling cases of forced marriage 2014 and to Apply for a Forced Marriage Protection Order ( (See Further Information section).

Child Sexual Exploitation - A Framework for Professionals Working with Children who Experience, or are at Risk of, Sexual Exploitation

This chapter was updated to note the DfE, Child Sexual Exploitation: Definition and Guide for Practitioners (February 2017) and provide a link to the guidance (in Related Guidance). (See also Definition of Sexual Exploitation where the Guidance definition is provided).

Children and Young People who Display Inappropriate and Harmful Sexual Behaviour Policy and Procedure Proposal

Please note this chapter is under review by the LSCB.

Sexually Active Young People under the age of 18 in Knowsley

This protocol has been reviewed and updated by the members of the Knowsley Safeguarding Children Board Health Sub Group, the Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub and the Police Protection Unit. The term young people has been removed and all under 18 year olds are referred to as children in line with the KSCB recommendations. All sections of the policy have been reviewed and updated in line with recent local changes, for example the development of the Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub (MASH) and recent updates in practice guidance, for example Department of Health Information Sharing guidance. An assessment tool has been added for consideration when assessing the under 18’s who are sexually active.
Safeguarding Children who may have been Trafficked This chapter was amended by adding a link to Gov.UK, Modern slavery victims: referral and assessment forms, (see Relevant Guidance). Please re-reference.
Children’s Neglect Multi-Agency Strategy (2017-19) This chapter has been reviewed and fully amended and includes a Glossary; a Vision Statement; a Local Context; Strategic Aims and Objectives; Guidance Principles; Performance Indicators and key Messages from Research. Please reference.
Domestic Violence and Abuse This chapter was updated to add a link Royal College of Nursing, Domestic abuse: Professional Resources, (see Related Guidance). The link itself provides further links to a range and variety of tools and approaches eg DASH, Loveisrespect, Mens advice line, MARAC Tool kit, National Guidance, etc. etc.
Children Missing Education and Pupil Mobility Policy This chapter has been amended throughout to reflect updated processes and requirements and information. Please re-reference.
Preventing and Tackling the Criminal Exploitation of Children This chapter has been comprehensively amended thoughout and includes a Risk Reduction Tool and Guidance and a Process Flow Chart. Please re-reference.
Pan Merseyside Protocol: Bruising in Children who are Not Independently Mobile - A Protocol for Assessment, Management and Referral by Health Practitioners This chapter has been reviewed and updated. Please re-reference.
Merseyside Joint Agency Protocol: Sudden Unexpected Death in Childhood (SUDiC) (for Children aged 0 to under 18 yrs) This chapter has been updated and includes additions such as ‘Recording of Strategy Meetings’ and ‘Pathology Investigation and Findings’, etc. and reflects current practice and organisational structures within the Knowsley agencies. Please re-reference.
Legal Considerations in Relation to Immediate Protective Action This chapter was Updated to add a new section, 'Prevention Orders', which link to a range of prevention and risk orders/injunctions.
Local Contacts Please note that this has been updated.
New Chapters and Features
Chapter Name Details
Responding to Child Neglect in Knowsley - Practitioner Guidance

This chapter details information and guidance with regard to neglect and highlights the complexity and difficulty of practice in this area, whilst identifying the evidence of the significant and lasting impact upon children as young people and adults. The chapter acknowledges the importance of appropriate sharing of information and discussion with partner agencies to avoid ‘neglect’ becoming an accepted ‘normality’ for identified children and to use ‘professional curiosity’ as a tool when considering a child’s day-to-day life experience.

Honour Based Violence This chapter seeks to define Honour Based Violence and explores the risks and impact upon those who become targets of it. The chapter highlights what actions can be taken and provides additional information on the issue, (see Further Information). Please reference.
Modern Slavery Victims of modern slavery should be given protection, get the help they need to recover from their experiences and access to the justice they deserve. This chapter sets out guidance on how to identify and respond to a child or young person where there are concerns that they are a victim or a potential victim of modern slavery. It should be read in conjunction with the Trafficked Children Procedure and the Referrals Procedure.
Joint Homeless Prevention Protocol for Children aged 16 and 17 This chapter links to the Children’s Services and seeks to promote the consistent and joint working response between the Children’s Social Care, Youth Offending and Strategic Housing Services to young people who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless. The chapter provides ‘Accommodation’ and ‘Decision-making’ pathways together with a number of Appendices which provide additional contact, resource and legal information as well as a Process Flow Chart and Escalation Process. Please reference.
Dangerous Dogs and Safeguarding Children

The benefits of owning pets are well established. Having a pet can have physical and emotional benefits for a child as well as teaching them about responsibility and caring for living creatures. However, a number of children of different ages have been seriously injured or have died from attacks by dogs in recent years.

Therefore the aim of this chapter is to assist practitioners to assess risk and take action to protect children from serious injuries which can be inflicted by dogs that are prohibited, dangerous or badly looked after by their owners. The chapter also has some useful links to additional information, (see Further Information section).


Young babies are particularly vulnerable to abuse, and early assessment, intervention and support work carried out during the antenatal period can help minimise any potential risk of harm. This procedure sets out how to respond to concerns for unborn babies, with an emphasis on clear and regular communication between professionals working with the woman, the father / partner and the family.

(Mid-wifery staff should read this chapter in conjunction with any Health Trust guidance regarding this area).

Multi-Agency Safe Sleeping Guidance - Merseyside Child Death Overview Panel (March 2017)

It is part of the Child Death Overview Panel’s role to review information on all child deaths and make appropriate recommendations where appropriate. This chapter is provided to assist all professionals in giving consistent advice and messages to parents with regard to sleeping arrangements for young children.

The chapter provides information around risk factors and guidance to specific professionals (midwives and health visitors).

Next Update: December 2017


2016 Amendments

2015 Amendments

2014 Amendments